Read the following instructions before preparing your manuscript for submission. Refer to the template ADS_Template.dotx for more details. Manuscripts NOT following journal formatting will be declined upon submission.
|Format||Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format. PDF files can be used if an accompanying Microsoft Word format document is provided. PDF as a sole file type is not accepted, a PDF must be accompanied by the source file. Acceptable figure file types are listed further below.|
|Article length||Articles should be 6,000-10,000 words in length. This includes all text including references and appendices. Please allow 280 words for each figure or table.|
|Article title||A title of not more than eight words should be provided.|
|Author details||In a separate file, include all contributing authors' names should be added to the submission, with their names arranged in the correct order for publication.
• Correct e-mail addresses should be supplied for each author in their separate author accounts
• The full name of each author must be present in their author account in the exact format they should appear for publication, including or excluding any middle names or initials as required
• The affiliation of each contributing author should be correct in their individual author account. The affiliation listed should be where they were based at the time that the research for the paper was conducted
|Biographies and acknowledgements||Authors who wish to include these items should save them together in an MS Word file to be uploaded with the submission. If they are to be included, a brief professional biography of not more than 100 words should be supplied for each named author.|
|Structured abstract||Authors must supply a structured abstract in their submission, set out under 4-7 sub-headings (see our "How to... write an abstract" guide for practical help and guidance):
• Purpose (mandatory)
• Design/methodology/approach (mandatory)
• Findings (mandatory)
• Research limitations/implications (if applicable)
• Practical implications (if applicable)
• Social implications (if applicable)
• Originality/value (mandatory)
Maximum is 250 words in total (including keywords and article classification, see below).
Authors should avoid the use of personal pronouns within the structured abstract and body of the paper (e.g. "this paper investigates..." is correct, "I investigate..." is incorrect).
|Keywords||Authors should provide appropriate and short keywords in the submission that encapsulate the principal topics of the paper (see the How to... ensure your article is highly downloaded guide for practical help and guidance on choosing search-engine friendly keywords). The maximum number of keywords is 12.|
|Headings||Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchy of headings.
Please following the APA Manual 7th edition.
|Notes/endnotes||Do NOT use notes or endnotes.|
|Figures||All Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form included in the manuscript following APA Manual 7th edition.|
|Tables||All Tables should be submitted in the electronic form included in the manuscript following APA Manual 7th edition. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as notes to the table, figure or plate.|
|References||References to other publications must be in APA Manual 7th edition style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. For detailed instructions refer to “APA Citation Guide (7th edition): How Do I Cite?” or “Purdue Online Writing Lab.”
APA Style Guidelines Overview
|DOI||ALL references must be accompanied by their corresponding DOI. How do I find DOI?
Finding DOI Number for an Article Quickly
How to find an article's DOI to include in a citation?